Updated: Jul 25, 2022
Varicose veins are twisted and enlarged veins of the legs that are raised above the surface of the skin. They are not life-threatening but often are a cosmetic problem and can cause pain, especially when sitting or standing continuously. Caused due to abnormal blood flow that results in varicose veins, they can affect any part of the body but are most common in the legs. Untreated varicose veins can cause ulcer formation and skin darkening affecting the quality of life.
If you’ve been thinking about getting varicose veins treatment done, or if you are bothered or embarrassed by them, maybe it’s time you opt for varicose veins removal.
Treatment Options for Varicose Veins
Traditionally, surgery was the only option available for treating varicose veins. ‘Vein Stripping’, a type of surgery that involved making small incisions and physically pulling out the veins used to be done to remove varicose veins. But this type of vein surgery is associated with the risk of scarring, bleeding, pain, infection, and deep vein thrombosis.
However, today with the advancement in modern medicine, there are plenty of minimal or non-invasive procedures to treat varicose veins. This type of procedure is performed by making tiny incisions on the skin and reducing the risk of pain and other complications.
Here are some of the minimally-invasive procedures available to treat varicose veins:
#1 - Sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy is done to destroy varicose veins by injecting them with a scarring agent or sclerosant. The sclerosant causes the varicose veins to scar and eventually collapse, thus allowing blood to reroute to healthy veins. It is to be noted that sclerotherapy is very effective for spider veins, a small version of varicose veins, it is less effective for varicose veins than endovenous ablation.
Also, foam sclerotherapy is used for larger varicose veins as it involves turning the sclerosant into foam before getting injected into the vein and covering a larger surface area than the liquid.
#2 - Endovenous Laser Ablation
Similar to RFA, EVLA uses laser energy to close off varicose veins. A catheter is usually placed inside varicose veins, and a laser fiber is inserted into the catheter. It is then moved towards the varicose veins thus causing it to close by heat. Over time, the vein shrinks and gets reabsorbed by the body within.
#3 - Phlebectomy
Phlebectomy is done by making a small incision on the skin near the vein and using a special hook, the varicose vein is removed. This procedure usually takes 30 to 60 minutes to complete and may require you to repeat this procedure for optimal results.
#4 - Radiofrequency Ablation
In this procedure, radiofrequency energy or radio waves are transmitted through the vein walls. The doctor will then numb the vein and use an ultrasound to see inside the leg. A catheter will then be passed along the vein to apply radiofrequency energy along the vein wall making it heat up, thicken and then contract to make it reabsorbed in the body and disappear.
#5 - VenaSeal Closure System for Varicose Veins
Traditional methods like EVLA or RFA require several needle pricks along the vein’s route and hence this can be a painful procedure. Few patients may even require sedation or even spinal anesthesia to alleviate the discomfort that may cause side effects.
But compared to these treatments, a better alternative ‘VenaSeal Closure System’ method simply involves one prick per vein and is similar to inserting an IV placement line.
This comparatively makes the patient more comfortable and the technique is safer for older patients who have heart conditions as no further anesthetic medicine or saline injection is required.
Post the Venaseal operation, patients do not have to wear stockings which saves their time and makes recovery quick.
Why Choose Vein Center for Varicose Veins Treatment in Mumbai?
When considering your varicose veins removal, your best choice is to seek out a qualified and well-established varicose veins treatment provider like the Vein Center.
At the Vein Center, we have a team of expert interventional radiologists that have years of experience and are trained in the use of ultrasound and x-rays for treating varicose veins and other vein diseases without surgery.
Schedule an appointment with us by calling (+91) 8080866266; during your first appointment with us, you’ll meet your doctor for 30+ minutes, that's 4x the length of a typical doctor visit.